National Prion Diseases Reference Center
The National Prion Diseases Reference Center (Nationales Referenzzentrum für
Prionenerkrankungen, NRPE) registers all human prion diseases in collaboration
with the Swiss Societies for Psychiatry, Neurology and Neuropathology, and in
particular the Federal Department of Health (Bundesamt für Gesundheit, BAG).
Between 1996 and June 28, 2012, 227 cases of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) were found in the United Kingdom, France, Spain, Ireland, the Netherlands, USA, Italy, Portugal, Canada, Japan, Taiwan and Saudi-Arabia. Different experimental and epidemiological studies have confirmed the causal connection between BSE and vCJD. As the Swiss population was significantly exposed to BSE, cases of vCJD may occur here.